Difference Between Taoism and Buddhism

By: | Updated: Apr-9, 2023
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Difference Between Taoism and Buddhism

Taoism and Buddhism are beliefs that are narrowly bound. Both have a focal point on living in peace with the environment and both have a kind of positivistic sight of the universe which grasps that the space is part of a greater entirety that can be comprehended as a cosmic structure.

Summary Table

Taoism Buddhism
Daozang and Laozi scriptures Tripitaka Scripture
To gain balance in life To eliminate mental suffering
Yin and Yang The endless knot, conch, fish, parasol, lotus, vase, victory banner, and dharmachakra (Wheel of Dharma)

In the same way both Taoism and Buddhism highlight self-cultivation throughout rumination. In Asia the two convictions are periodically stated as “Chinese religion” or “Confucianism” because of their widespread centre on Confucian rectitude. Be that as it may, they do not share a sole creator, and both declare archaic beginning in India. They also diverge exceedingly in their rite and customary, notwithstanding the actuality that they share specific beliefs.

As practiced at the moment Taoism and Buddhism are identical in a range of means. Both spotlight self-refinement with meditation, physique cultivation and internal deliberation. Too, they have a pantheistic idea of the realm as imbued by a quintessence that can be approached over cogitation.

Still, Taoism and Buddhism have other eminent dissimilarities. Most perceptible is that Taoism has a tough core on the person whilst Buddhism concentrates greater on the populace.

What is Taoism?

As with majority denominations, Taoism is a compound of ecclesiastical notion and custom that expanded over time. The belief structure of Taoism is acutely stirred by Chinese school of thought but Taoists do not consistently match with all other facets of Chinese reflection. The central emphasis of Taoist idea is an endeavor to perceive the paths in which individuals can live in amity with their surroundings, and the ways in which they can realize a state of concord and equilibrium.

Some Taoists consider that accomplishing this sort of peace arrives in the form of pondering—a procedure that requires the advancement of a sense of inner calmness and equanimity. Our soul is gripped to be part of the Tao, a universal force that combine all matters. Taoists surmise that by approaching this universal vitality, humans can obtain satisfaction and contentment.

What is Buddhism?

Difference Between Taoism and Buddhism

One more customary faith approach, Buddhism is too an amalgamation of pious beliefs and practices that cultivated after some time. Buddhism concentrates on the goal of fulfilling illumination—a state in which one’s soul is enlightened. The Buddha acquired such a state himself through meditation and many Buddhists consider that they can carry out a alike level of wisdom by succeeding the doctrine of the Buddha.

Many Buddhists also trust that the instruction of the Buddha can be used to establish a worthy mortal life and lead humanity to a state of edification. In this way Buddhist belief is identical to Taoism. Both have an importance on attaining serenity and unity through deliberation. But there are influential contrast too. Whereas Taoists assume that we can attain such a state of equilibrium through reflection but Buddhists believe that this tranquility and understanding is not only conceivable but also attainable in day-to-day life. The Buddha educated that by pursuing the Eightfold Path which takes into account training of the mind, it is workable for humanity to conduct fine ethical lives.


How are They Related?

The two religious beliefs are akin in that they both centre on performing a state of innermost repose and harmony. They also influence one and all through their regular priority on self-cultivation through consideration which is a prominent aspect of both religions. Plus, both Taoism and Buddhism underscore a transcendentalist perspective of the world that sees the earth as imbued by a quintessence that can be implied as a colossal life form.

Taoists and Buddhists also share some conviction. Both trust in a life after death in which people persist to survive and subsequently they pass away and both have a realistic view of nature. Further, both presume that humankind has the aptitude to rid themselves of all distress through meditation.

Renascence is also a customary belief in Taoism and Buddhism. In a number of instances, the soul is reputed to get back to the body after passing while in other cases the soul may persist separate from the physique. No matter what, reincarnation is deemed to be a means through which people are continually reborn.

What are the Differences?

While Taoism and Buddhism share some beliefs they also have discrepancies. Here are some principal zones of disparities:


Taoism and Buddhism differ in their customs. Taoists reckon that rumination procedure can yield results while Buddhists do not. In specific cases both religions stress the weight of diet and sleep for preserving physical satisfaction. But Taoism also places a solid highlight on health and fitness which includes manners like acupressure, herbaceous remedies and bodily train.


Taoism has Daozang which is the ceremonial accumulation of Taoist texts and it also has bible such as the Laozi. Buddhism has a range of scriptures and sacred literatures. The most important Buddhist scripture is the Tripitaka (Sanskrit for “three baskets”), which comprised of three subdivisions. Sutras, Vinaya and Abhidharma.


Taoists believe that extending a state of counteract is the goal of vivacity and they surmise that this can be concluded through pondering. Buddhists also suppose that fulfilling a state of inner peacefulness is viable but they see illumination as a goal for individuals to seek after.


Taoists employ yin and yang insignia to exemplify the unity of opposites. Taoism also uses a sign called the “Double Ax” to denote equilibrium, concord and union. Simultaneously, Buddhism uses characters to represent equanimity such as a lotus flower and an empty chair.

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