Difference Between Catholic and Christian Bible

By: | Updated: Jul-21, 2021

Since a long time ago, the two religions of Christianity and Islam are divided by what they consider as their holy book. Christians have accepted the Holy Bible while Muslims consider the Qur’an as their holy book. In this case, it is relatively easy to differentiate the two books because they are in different religions. It is more difficult to distinguish between the two holy books if they are in the same religion.

Christianity has been using the Bible for a long time. The Bible is a collection of 66 books written by the authors over more than 1,500 years. The Bible was written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. Most of the books were written in Hebrew, but it also has books that were written in Aramaic and Greek. It was originally called the “Law of Moses” because it was the only book that had been given to Moses by God. The other books were written later by other authors, and most of them were written around 400 BC.

The Bible has many stories about God’s people, which is called the Old Testament. The Old Testament has books like the Book of Genesis, Book of Exodus, Book of Leviticus, Book of Numbers, and many others. The New Testament has books like the Book of Matthew, the Book of Mark, the Book of Luke, the Book of John, and many others. The Bible also has many stories about Jesus and his life. It is believed that the Bible was written by people who were inspired by God.

Summary Table

Catholic Bible Christian Bible
The Catholic Bible is based on the teaching of the Church and thus is infallible The Christian Bible is not based on tradition but on individual interpretations of its writers
Made up of the 27 books of the Old Testament and 46 books of the New Testament Has a different set of books in it: 13 from the Old Testament and 27 from the New Testament
The Catholic Bible is all about salvation and eternal life. The Christian Bible does not have a focus on salvation but on our glorification before God through Jesus Christ.

Definitions:

Difference Between Catholic and Christian Bible

However, Catholic and Christian do not have the same Bible. Since there are different beliefs in the Christian and Catholic Bible, there are also different versions of the Bible. Some versions of the Bible are Catholic, while others are Christian. The difference between the two is in the number of books and the way of life that the books are written.

But why are there different versions of the Bible? How is it possible that there are two different versions of the Bible? How can we say that one version is Catholic and the other is Christian? The answer to these questions can be found in the Catholic and Christian Bible.

To give you a better understanding of the differences between the Catholic and Christian Bible, this article will give you a summary of the major differences between the two versions. It will also give you an idea of how each version is different from the other. So let’s get started.

What is the Christian Bible?

The Christian Bible is a compilation of all the books that were inspired by God to various people, including prophets, kings, and apostles. It includes all of the books that make up the Old Testament (the Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament (the Christian Bible).

The Old Testament contains several books written by people who were inspired by God. The New Testament contains several books written by people who were inspired by Jesus Christ.

What is the Catholic Bible?

This is the Bible which the Catholic Church uses. It is also called the Latin Vulgate, because it was translated from the original Hebrew and Greek into Latin. It was translated by St. Jerome in 405 A.D., and revised by St. Rufinus in 456 A.D., and lastly, by St. Hilary of Poitiers in 868 A.D..

The term “Vulgate” comes from “Vulgus,” which means “common people.” The Catholic Church uses the Latin Vulgate Bible because it is the common people’s Bible. The New Testament of the Catholic Bible is called the Septuagint.

What are the similarities between the Catholic and Christian Bible?

Although there are a number of significant differences between the Catholic and Christian Bibles, both contain all of the 66 books that make up the Protestant Bible. (The Catholic Bible contains the deuterocanonical books as well.)

Although the Catholic Bible is a revision of the ancient Hebrew Bible, both the Catholic and Christian Bibles contain most of the same books.

What are the differences between the Catholic and Christian Bible?

Now that we know that both the Catholic and Christian Bible are essentially the same, what are the differences between them?

The following is a list of differences between the Catholic and Christian Bible:

  1. Tradition and Infallibility

The Catholic Bible is based on the teaching of the Church and thus is infallible. It was written in such a way that it conforms to the teaching of the Church.

The Christian Bible is not based on tradition but on individual interpretations of its writers. Therefore, there are many differing views on what the Bible actually says.

  1. Canon and Church

The Catholic Bible is based on the Church’s canon of scripture. The canon is made up of the 27 books of the Old Testament and 46 books of the New Testament. The Christian Bible, however, has a different set of books in it: 13 from the Old Testament and 27 from the New Testament. This can be seen in Acts 15:2-3 where it states that “[the Apostles] have determined…that we should write to them, encouraging them to complete their own book”.

  1. Literal and Mystical Interpretation

The Catholic Bible is the only Bible that is completely literal and does not have any allegorical or mystical meanings. The Christian Bible, however, is open to many different interpretations of its literal meaning. This can be seen in the way in which we interpret what it means to be born again: Is it physical, spiritual, or both?

  1. Salvation and Glory

The Catholic Bible is all about salvation and eternal life. The Lord Jesus Christ is the way, the truth, and the life. In John 14:6 Jesus says “I am the way, and the truth, and the life”.

The Christian Bible does not have a focus on salvation but on our glorification before God through Jesus Christ. This can be seen in Ephesians 2:10-11 where it states that “for we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.”

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