Difference Between Panther and Jaguar

By: | Updated: Jul-6, 2021
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The panther and jaguar are two big cats that live in different regions of the world. They are both beautiful, and some people are fascinated by them. They both have many similarities, but they also have some differences. For example, both are carnivores, but the jaguar is native to the Americas and the panther is native to Africa and Asia. They both have powerful jaws, but the jaguar is larger than the panther. They both are wild animals, but the jaguar has a more peaceful demeanor than the panther. So what are the other differences between panther and jaguar?

The article will focus on the panther and jaguar, the difference between panther and jaguar, and the characteristics of the two big cats.

Summary Table:

Panther Jaguar
Genus panthera Is a subspecies of panther and belongs to the genus onca
Usually has dark brown or black fur with yellow eyes Has yellow fur with dark spots and brown eyes


Difference Between Panther and Jaguar

What Are The Big Cat Characteristics?

Big cats are carnivores that have a large head, long tail, strong jaws, sharp teeth, and good eyesight. They are very strong and fast. All big cats have retractable claws, which means that they can pull their claws in when they are not using them to protect themselves from predators. Big cats have sharp teeth and powerful jaws that they use to kill prey. The way that they kill their prey is by biting the neck or back of the prey animal.

What Is a Panther?

A panther is a big cat that lives in the Americas. It usually has black fur with a tawny or golden brown underbelly. The word “panther” comes from the Greek word “panthēr”, which means “all-powerful”. Panthers belong to the genus “Panthera”, which includes the tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard. There are several subspecies of panther. The two most common are the leopard and the jaguar. Each species of panther has its own specific markings and spots. Panthers have very powerful jaw muscles and long sharp teeth. They use their jaws to break open hard nuts, crush bones, and kill prey. Panthers have excellent night vision and sense of smell but their eyesight is not as good as other big cats such as lions or tigers. Panthers live in forests and grasslands of South America, Central America, India, Southeast Asia, China, Indonesia, and Malaysia. They prefer to live in thick brush where they can hide from predators like humans or other large cats. There are many legends about panthers all over the world but they are not true stories about real animals. Some people think that panthers have supernatural powers such as shapeshifting into human form (a form of magic that can make a person look like another person).

What Is a Jaguar?

A jaguar is also a big cat that lives in the Americas. It has yellow fur with black spots. The word “jaguar” comes from the South American Tupi-Guarani language and means “one who kills with one leap”. There are also several subspecies of jaguar. The two most common are the South American jaguar and the northern jaguar. In the wild, jaguars are usually solitary animals. They are carnivores that eat a variety of prey including deer, caiman, fish, turtles, birds, monkeys, and peccaries. Jaguars are larger than panthers and have very powerful jaws.

How Do Panthers And Jaguars Hunt?

Panthers and jaguars hunt by stalking their prey until they get close enough to attack it. Then, they leap on the prey animal and grab it with their jaws. The teeth of a panther or jaguar are very sharp so that they can easily tear into the flesh of their prey. Panthers and jaguars have a very strong bite force relative to their size, which helps them break through the tough hide of their prey animals.

Panther Vs. Jaguar:

There are many differences between panther and jaguar. Some of them are:

1. The size

Panther can reach a height of 1.5 meters and weight of 130 kg. The Jaguar can reach a height of 1.3 meters and weight of 80 kg. Thus, panthers are usually bigger than jaguar.

2. The color

Black panther has dark brown or jet black coat with darker spots if you look closely under the sun. They also have yellow eyes. There are also panthers with brown coats and panthers with yellowish-brown with dark spots. On the other hand, almost all jaguars have a yellowish-brown coat with dark spots and a black line that runs from the head to the tail. They also have brown eyes. Thus, they are very similar in appearance but their fur coat colors are usually distinguishable.

3. The habitat

Panther is generally more widespread than jaguar. Panther is found in jungles, grasslands, forests and mountains while jaguar is found in forests and mountains. Panther can adapt to many types of habitats while jaguar is not as adaptable. They are also different in habitat size. Panther is usually found in a large area while jaguar is found in a small area.

4. The reproduction

Panther is solitary. They are territorial and may fight for territory. Jaguar is also solitary. They are territorial and may fight for territory as well. However, they do not mate until the female reaches the age of two or three years old. Panther mates once a year while jaguar mates twice a year. Jaguar gives birth to two to four cubs at a time while panther gives birth to one to six cubs at a time.

5. The longevity

Panther can live up to 16 years old while jaguar can live up to 20 years old.

6. The danger of extinction

Panther is endangered while jaguar is vulnerable. Panther was once found in Asia, Africa and Europe but now only found in some parts of Asia and Africa. Jaguar is also found in some parts of Africa and America. They are both on the list of endangered species.

7. The taxonomy classification

Panther is classified under the genus panthera and jaguar is classified under the genus onca.

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